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Pistol Makarov 9 mm - Classification: Year of Manufacture Allocation

Arsenal, Bulgaria

The year of manufacture is readable in the serial number. The first 2 figures builds the sequential number starts with 1960, then Arsenal takes up the production.
Example: Serial number KO 27 2565; year of manufacture: 1960+27=1987

Baikal, Russia

On most of Makarovs produced by Izhmekh (Baikal), the production year is graved directly on the gun. The models with magazines for 12 or 10 bullets are manufactured after 1990.

Norinco, China

Usually no allocation of the year of manufacturing is possible.

Armories Suhl, Germany

From 1958 until 1965 (prototypes 1957) and from 1995 until 1997 (prototypes 1994) Makarov PM pistols were produced at Suhl.

YearCharacter code in the serial number ($ #### oder $$ ####)
1959J, K, L, N, U
1960B, C, F, G, H, M, T
1961D, AP, AR, AS, AQ, AT, AU, AV, AW, AX, AY, AZ
1962AO, AP, BR, BT, BU, BV, BW, BX, BY, BZ
1963BO, BP, DA, DB, DE, DF, DH, DK, DL, DP
1964ES, ET, EV, EX, EZ
1965ER, FA, FB, FH, FF

All pistols which can be loaded in the safety state are manufactured since 1994. They all are characterized by serial numbers like V###### (German: "Versuchsserie" - test series; 1994, only 16 pistols) and ###### (serial production, approximately 1,000 guns).